Signs and Symptoms


Child traumatic stress occurs when children and adolescents are exposed to traumatic events or situations (school or neighborhood violence; domestic violence; physical abuse; sexual abuse; neglect; serious accidents; sudden or violent death of a loved one, natural disasters, terrorists attacks and war).

When exposed to these events, a child is overwhelmed and may not be able to cope with what they have experienced. It is important to acknowledge that a child’s experience of danger and fear of such events is  different than that of an adult.

Traumatic experiences are known to cause a range of physical and behavioral health symptoms, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS). These symptoms include:

  • Nightmares and trouble sleeping
  • Avoidance of thoughts, feelings, reminders of the trauma 
  • Bed wetting
  • Attention problems
  • Anger, irritability, temper tantrums and aggressive behavior
  • Flashbacks and intrusive thoughts of the traumatic event
  • Withdrawal, dissociation (spacing out), and numbness
  • Sadness; loss of trust in others
  • Increased risk taking behaviors, poor school performance